LEARNing To LEARN For MY Professional Development | I Did It MY Way

EDU: Digital CitiZENship, CyberSecurity, eSkills, Modern EDU by Gust MEES


LOGO-Gust MEES-2015-Professional-Development-My Way


I Am An Autodidact, A Self-Directed LEARNer, How Can I LEARN Best For MY Professional Development?


A neglected part in EDUcation is certainly THE ===> #Autodidact #SelfDirected #LEARNer <===! This was since centuries the case AND STILL is the case, a pity as NEW research shows THAT individual learning and teaching individually (Personalized LEARNing) is BETTER to get BEST results!

Let us first have a look on WHAT is NEW in EDUcation below, please. WE are taking a look on ===> EDUcation 4.0 <===..


Autodidacts-Leonardo Da Vinci.








Did YOU know that Leaonardo da Vinci is BEST known ===> Autodidact <===?








Challenges of future learning and teaching-2014Click the above image, please, to access the “pdf” document.


SO… How can I (LEARNer AND EDUcator) as individual NOW learn on my OWN way? HOW can I as…

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Setbacks will not undo Nigeria’s progress By Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala

Allegations of unremitted oil revenues, and leadership changes at the central bank, have attracted a great deal of the wrong kind of attention to Nigeria.
Though there was consternation in the markets following the suspension of Lamido Sanusi, governor of the country’s central bank, a sense of normality is gradually returning. At the Nigerian Stock Exchange, the All Share Index dropped by about 3 per cent in the days following Mr Sanusi’s suspension but has since recovered. The exchange rate is stabilising. Although foreign exchange reserves have dropped slightly to $39bn, this still provides a healthy level of import cover by International Monetary Fund measures.
The fundamentals remain strong. Inflation is at 8 per cent, down from 12 per cent at the start of 2012. The fiscal deficit is 1.9 per cent of gross domestic product and government debt is under control at 21 per cent of GDP. The IMF expects the economy to grow by 7.3 per cent in 2014, up from 6.2 per cent a year earlier.
The government has pledged to put aside a portion of oil revenues to help insulate the economy from external shocks. We will be vigilant against the risk of the economy overheating. I will ensure that fiscal policy remains tight, and that the acting central bank governor is committed to tight monetary policies.
Maintaining economic stability is the government’s most important aim. This will not be easy in an election year. We are, however, determined to keep the economy on the right path.
But the allegations concerning unaccounted for oil revenues remain. Initially Mr Sanusi put the figure at $49.8bn. At a later point, he accepted instead the assessment of the finance ministry and other agencies, who estimated that $10.8bn was not yet accounted for. Later, he alleged a new figure of $20bn.
Whatever the amount, Nigeria with its millions of poor people can ill-afford the loss of even $1. All funds that belong to the Treasury must be remitted to the Treasury.
That is why, given Nigerians’ decades-long mistrust of government-owned oil agencies, it is imperative that the allegations are examined by an independent committee. President Goodluck Jonathan has already announced that there will be such an inquiry. It must cut through the confusion and determine once and for all how much money is unaccounted for.
It is therefore essential that the inquiry should take a forensic approach, critically examining the accounts of the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation and its subsidiaries. This work must be conducted urgently, and it must be followed by systemic reform of the oil sector to make it more transparent and accountable to the Nigerian people.
That is the aim of the Petroleum Industry Bill, which has been with parliament for several months. This draft law contains provisions to transform the oil and gas sector, including turning the NNPC into a commercial enterprise. This would open up the corporation and the oil industry, making them more transparent and accountable to Nigerians.
Yet passage of the bill has been delayed in the National Assembly as a result of intensive lobbying by interest groups – some Nigerian, some foreign – who benefit from the status quo either through favourable oil deals or favourable treatment by the Nigerian tax system.
We call on these groups to allow the bill’s passage. And we urge our National Assembly to have the courage to pass this long overdue bill now.
In the meantime, we must not forget how far we have come in Nigeria. The economic reforms we fought hard to achieve are having positive effects. I have argued previously that, while we must pursue and punish those engaged in corrupt acts, building strong institutions is the most enduring way to tackle corruption in a systemic way.
This is unglamorous work requiring patient effort over many years. Yet this is precisely what is needed to move development forward.
In Nigeria, we are pursuing such reforms. The transformation of our power sector is based on this premise. We privatised our power generation and distribution assets, and liberalised the sector to allow private investors to play a role in building new infrastructure. We are also creating a strong electricity regulatory authority. This is one of the world’s most comprehensive and transparent privatisation exercises, and has attracted international investors such as General Electric, Siemens and AES.
Nigeria’s future lies not in oil and gas but in non-oil sectors such as agriculture, housing, creative arts and services, which account for more than 80 per cent of GDP. For sustainable growth and development, we must build enduring institutions in these sectors. We must fight corruption: and we must ensure that as our country develops, it also becomes more transparent.

The writer is Nigerian minister of finance

Culled from the financial Times 13 march 2014

Born Months of September through November? chances are you will live for 100 years!!

I do not like to give in to sweeping comments some time, i consider my time as being too precious to ague over irrelevance, however i was just thinking what research could pin point some characteristics that could make some one live long, however i was simply searching for what can naturally occur and less of what someone can do to live longer, i know such details are all over the internet, factors ranging from the spiritual dimension, stress level reduction, reduced food consumption to physical exercise, this wasn’t what i was looking for.

Anyway i stumbled upon these facts from sites that hold authority in facts-based discoveries, well without wasting your reading time, i saw a report from fox news, i do not know if this have  enough authority to report this kind of finding, The story started by congratulating me (us) whose birthday fall within September, october or November, we may have above-average chances of living an extra-long life,  A study was conducted by researchers from the university of Chicago, they looked at data of more than 1,500 people who where born between 1880 and 1895 and who lived to be 100 or older, they compared that data with the birth-month and lifespan of nearly 12,000 of the centenarians siblings and spouses, the majority of people who lived an extra-long life where born between september and November.

It was observed that months of birth have significant long-lasting effects on survival to age 100; Siblings born in September -November have a higher odds to become centenarians compared to siblings born in March, the research supports the idea of early life programming of human aging and longevity.

please understand the caveats here, if you are born between september and November you are not guaranteed a longer life, however the odds certainly is in your favour Image

The reason for much of the centanarians being born within these months wasnt so clear, however the few possible causes suggested was that in the late 1800s food abundance was dependent on seasonal changes, the fall harvest must have contributed to breast feeding mothers eating healthier and transmitting more nutrients to the young ones, another suggestion which holds a strong evidence is the weather, the relatively mild temperature of fall- as opposed to hot summers or cold winters can also make babies healthy.

i hope you have learned a new thing today, kindly do me a favor, let me see your comment here!


1) The week (Do people with fall birthday live longer? Do people with fall birthdays live longer? – The Week

2)  Babies born in autumn may live longer | Fox News

3) See the study here Journal of Aging Research: Journal of Aging Research

4) People born in September and November live longerPeople born in September and November live longer… – WTF Facts

When you see death coming!! what do you do? Create a great future? Stephen Hawkins did same!!

This is the story of Stephen Hawking, who was diagnosed with Amyotrophic Lateral sclerosis. Oalso. Known in the united states as Lou Gehrigs disease.

Living with ALS

 I am quite often asked: How do you feel about  having ALS? The answer is, not a lot. I try to lead as normal a life as  possible, and not think about my condition, or regret the things it prevents me from doing, which are not that many.

It was a great shock to me to discover that I had motor neurone disease. I had never been very well co-ordinated physically as a child. I was not good at ball games, and my  handwriting was the despair of my teachers. Maybe for this reason, I didn’t care  much for sport or physical activities. But things seemed to change when I went  to Oxford, at the age of 17. I took up coxing and rowing. I was not Boat Race  standard, but I got by at the level of inter-College competition.

In my  third year at Oxford, however, I noticed that I seemed to be getting more  clumsy, and I fell over once or twice for no apparent reason. But it was not  until I was at Cambridge, in the following year, that my father noticed, and  took me to the family doctor. He referred me to a specialist, and shortly after  my 21st birthday, I went into hospital for tests. I was in for two weeks, during  which I had a wide variety of tests. They took a muscle sample from my arm,  stuck electrodes into me, and injected some radio opaque fluid into my spine,  and watched it going up and down with x-rays, as they tilted the bed. After all  that, they didn’t tell me what I had, except that it was not multiple sclerosis,  and that I was an a-typical case. I gathered, however, that they expected it to  continue to get worse, and that there was nothing they could do, except give me  vitamins. I could see that they didn’t expect them to have much effect. I didn’t feel like asking for more details, because they were obviously bad.

The realisation that I had an incurable disease, that was likely to kill me in a few  years, was a bit of a shock. How could something like that happen to me? Why  should I be cut off like this? However, while I had been in hospital, I had seen  a boy I vaguely knew die of leukaemia, in the bed opposite me. It had not been a  pretty sight. Clearly there were people who were worse off than me. At least my  condition didn’t make me feel sick. Whenever I feel inclined to be sorry for  myself I remember that boy.

Not knowing what was going to happen to me,  or how rapidly the disease would progress, I was at a loose end. The doctors  told me to go back to Cambridge and carry on with the research I had just  started in general relativity and cosmology. But I was not making much progress,  because I didn’t have much mathematical background. And, anyway, I might not  live long enough to finish my PhD. I felt somewhat of a tragic character. I took  to listening to Wagner, but reports in magazine articles that I drank heavily  are an exaggeration. The trouble is once one article said it, other articles  copied it, because it made a good story. People believe that anything that has  appeared in print so many times must be true. My dreams at that time  were rather disturbed. Before my condition had been diagnosed, I had been very  bored with life. There had not seemed to be anything worth doing. But shortly  after I came out of hospital, I dreamt that I was going to be executed. I  suddenly realised that there were a lot of worthwhile things I could do if I  were reprieved. Another dream, that I had several times, was that I would  sacrifice my life to save others. After all, if I were going to die anyway, it  might as well do some good. But I didn’t die. In fact, although there was a  cloud hanging over my future, I found, to my surprise, that I was enjoying life in the present more than before. I began to make progress with my research, and  I got engaged to a girl called Jane Wilde, whom I had met just about the time my   condition was diagnosed. That engagement changed my life. It gave me something  to live for. But it also meant that I had to get a job if we were to get  married. I therefore applied for a research fellowship at Gonville and Caius  (pronounced Keys) college, Cambridge. To my great surprise, I got a fellowship,  and we got married a few months later. 

The fellowship at Caius took care  of my immediate employment problem. I was lucky to have chosen to work in  theoretical physics, because that was one of the few areas in which my condition  would not be a serious handicap. And I was fortunate that my scientific  reputation increased, at the same time that my disability got worse. This meant  that people were prepared to offer me a sequence of positions in which I only  had to do research, without having to lecture. We were also fortunate in  housing. When we were married, Jane was still an undergraduate at Westfield  College in London, so she had to go up to London during the week. This meant  that we had to find somewhere I could manage on my own, and which was central,  because I could not walk far. I asked the College if they could help, but was  told by the then Bursar: it is College policy not to help Fellows with housing.  We therefore put our name down to rent one of a group of new flats that were being built in the market place. (Years later, I discovered that those flats  were actually owned by the College, but they didn’t tell me that.) However, when we returned to Cambridge from a visit to America after the marriage, we found  that the flats were not ready. As a great concession, the Bursar said we could  have a room in a hostel for graduate students. He said, “We normally charge 12 shillings and 6 pence a night for this room. However, as there will be two of you in the room, we will charge 25 shillings.” We stayed there only three nights. Then we found a small house about 100 yards from my university department. It belonged to another College, who had let it to one of its fellows. However he had moved out to a house he had bought in the suburbs. He  sub-let the house to us for the remaining three months of his lease. During those three months, we found that another house in the same road was standing  empty. A neighbour summoned the owner from Dorset, and told her that it was a scandal that her house should be empty, when young people were looking for  accommodation. So she let the house to us. After we had lived there for a few  years, we wanted to buy the house, and do it up. So we asked my College for a  mortgage. However, the College did a survey, and decided it was not a good risk.  In the end we got a mortgage from a building society, and my parents gave us the  money to do it up. We lived there for another four years, but it became too  difficult for me to manage the stairs. By this time, the College appreciated me  rather more, and there was a different Bursar. They therefore offered us a  ground floor flat in a house that they owned. This suited me very well, because  it had large rooms and wide doors. It was sufficiently central that I could get  to my University department, or the College, in my electric wheel chair. It was  also nice for our three children, because it was surrounded by garden, which was  looked after by the College gardeners.

Up to 1974, I was able to feed myself, and get in and out of bed. Jane managed to help me, and bring up the children, without outside help. However, things were getting more difficult, so we took to having one of my research students living with us. In return for free accommodation, and a lot of my attention, they helped me get up and go to bed.  In 1980, we changed to a system of community and private nurses, who came in for an hour or two in the morning and evening. This lasted until I caught pneumonia in 1985. I had to have a tracheotomy operation. After this, I had to have 24 hour nursing care. This was made possible by grants from several foundations.  

Before the operation, my speech had been getting more slurred, so that only a few people who knew me well, could understand me. But at least I could  communicate. I wrote scientific papers by dictating to a secretary, and I gave seminars through an interpreter, who repeated my words more clearly. However, the tracheotomy operation removed my ability to speak altogether. For a time, the only way I could communicate was to spell out words letter by letter, by raising my eyebrows when someone pointed to the right letter on a spelling card.  It is pretty difficult to carry on a conversation like that, let alone write a  scientific paper. However, a computer expert in California, called Walt Woltosz,  heard of my plight. He sent me a computer program he had written, called  Equalizer. This allowed me to select words from a series of menus on the screen, by pressing a switch in my hand. The program could also be controlled by a  switch, operated by head or eye movement. When I have built up what I want to say, I can send it to a speech synthesizer. At first, I just ran the Equalizer  program on a desk top computer. However David Mason, of Cambridge Adaptive  Communication, fitted a small portable computer and a speech synthesizer to my  wheel chair. This system allowed me to communicate much better than I could  before. I can manage up to 15 words a minute. I can either speak what I have  written, or save it to disk. I can then print it out, or call it back and speak  it sentence by sentence. Using this system, I have written a book, and dozens of  scientific papers. I have also given many scientific and popular talks. They  have all been well received. I think that is in a large part due to the quality  of the speech synthesiser, which is made by Speech Plus. One’s voice is very  important. If you have a slurred voice, people are likely to treat you as  mentally deficient: Does he take sugar? This synthesiser  is by far the best I  have heard, because it varies the intonation, and doesn’t  speak like a Dalek.  The only trouble is that it gives me an American accent. 

I have had  motor neurone disease for practically all my adult life. Yet  it has not  prevented me from having a very attractive family, and being  successful in my  work. This is thanks to the help I have received from Jane, my children, and a  large number of other people and organisations. I have been  lucky, that my  condition has progressed more slowly than is often the case. But it shows that  one need not lose hope.  
Stephen Hawking

NIgeria Shell Pipeline Leak

hell Petroleum Development Co Ltd on Thursday said it had stopped natural gas deliveries to Nigeria because of a pipeline leak there, dpa reported.
The leak was found Tuesday in one of the major pipelines in the Niger Delta’s Rivers State, Royal Dutch Shell PLC’s Nigerian unit said.
The shutdown affected about 1.5 billion standard cubic feet, or 42 billion litres, of gas a day, Shell said.
It declared a force majeure, or an unforeseeable event that prevented it from fulfilling a contract, which became effective Wednesday.
The West African country has experienced large-scale pipe vandalism and oil theft

Nigeria Liquified Natual gas Limited (NLNG) declares force majeur on Shell PIpeline leak

Nigeria LNG Ltd., Africa’s largest liquefied natural gas export terminal, said it declared force majeure on exports following a Royal Dutch Shell Plc (RDSA) halt on deliveries after discovering a supply pipeline leak.
Force majeure, a legal step that protects a company from liability when it can’t fulfill a contract for reasons beyond its control, was declared on May 15. The declaration followed Shell’s shutdown of its Gbaran Ubie and Soku gas facility after the pipeline leak, Kudo Eresia-Eke, a Nigeria LNG spokesman based in Abuja, said today in an e-mail.
“Nigeria LNG is working with Shell Petroleum Development Co. and its other gas suppliers to seek mitigation measures,” he said. Gas supply to Nigeria LNG has been cut by as much as 50 percent by the Shell shutdown, he said.
Nigeria LNG operates the Bonny Island plant, which has six production units, or trains, able to produce 21.7 million metric tons of the chilled gas a year, or about 8 percent of the world’s total, according to data from the International Group of LNG Importers. The company supplied 12 percent of the world’s LNG for near-term delivery in 2011, according to the group.
The halt is “likely to have significant impact on liquefied natural gas prices,” Dolapo Oni, a Lagos-based oil-and-gas analyst at Ecobank Research, said today in an e-mail.
A Feb. 5 force majeure on gas deliveries to Nigeria LNG after a similar pipeline leak cut shipments and helped boost spot LNG prices in northeast Asia to a record on Feb. 4, according to data from World Gas Intelligence.
Nigeria LNG, which has long-term contracts with buyers in Spain, Italy, France and Turkey, exported 333 cargoes in 2012, the most since sales began in 1999, according to a report on its website. State-run Nigerian National Petroleum Corp. is the biggest shareholder, with a 49 percent stake. Units of Shell, Total SA and Eni SpA (ENI) hold 26 percent, 15 percent and 10 percent, respectively.